Dyslexia Childrens’ Checklist

The following Checklists may indicate a child is dyslexic – children do not need to have all of these problems. However, if these problems continue beyond the time that the average child has grown out of them, they may indicate dyslexia and advice should be sought.


Dyslexia Infant Checklist

The following Dyslexia Infants’ Checklist may indicate a pre-school child is dyslexic – children do not need to have all of these problems. However, if these problems continue beyond the time that the average child has grown out of them, they may indicate dyslexia and advice should be sought.

Infant Dyslexia Checklist

For ease of reading he should be transposed for she when appropriate.

Dyslexia: Weaknesses

* Is there a family history of learning difficulties?
* Does the child have delayed speech, a lisp or is the speech unclear?
* Does he have problems getting dressed: putting shoes on the correct feet; doing up buttons; laces etc?
* Does he enjoy hearing stories but shows no interest in the written word?
* Do people continually say he is lazy and not paying attention?
* Does he have problems with games: tripping/bumping/falling over; catching a ball; skipping; and hopping?
* Does he bump into things and trip over a lot?
* Can he clap a rhythm back?
* Does he often accidentally say: blue is green; red is yellow etc?
* Does he often have to search for words and often mislabel them?
* Does he confuse: under/over, up/down?
* Can he select odd words out, i.e. cat, mat, pig, fat?
* Does he grip pencils and pens too tightly?
* Using coloured beads, can he: thread green, red, blue, white correctly?
* Can he put things in sequence: nursery rhymes; numbers up to ten; days of the week; alphabet?

Dyslexia: Strengths

* Is he quick thinking and does he have a lot of original thought?
* Is he good at: creativity art/colour
* Does he have an aptitude for construction games: Lego; blocks; remote control; keyboards?
* Does he appear bright – but unable to do simple things?

The earlier dyslexia is diagnosed, the easier it is to ensure the child receives the correct support at home and at school. Although there is no cure for dyslexia, research has shown the problems can be alleviated with the correct tuition.

Dyslexia Children Checklist

The following dyslexia children’s checklist may indicate a child is dyslexic – they do not need to have all of these problems. However, if these problems continue beyond the time that the average child has grown out of them, they may indicate dyslexia and advice should be sought.

For ease of reading, he should be transposed for she when appropriate. 

Dyslexia: Reading & Spelling

When your child reads and spells, does he frequently:

* Confuse letters that look similar: d – b; u – n; m – n?
* Confuse letters that sound the same: v; f; th?
* Reverse words: was – saw; now – won?
* Transpose words: left – felt?
* Read a word correctly and then further down the page, read it wrong?
* Change words around: the cat sat on the mat (the mat sat on the cat)?
* Confuse small words: of, for, from?
* When reading has difficulty in keeping the correct place on a line and frequently loses his place?
* Read correctly but does not understand what he is reading?

Dyslexia: Writing

Even after frequent instruction does he still:

* Not know whether to use his right or left hand?
* Leave out capital letters or use them in the wrong places?
* Forget to dot the ‘i’s, and cross ‘t’s?

* Form letters and numbers badly?
* Slope his writing, even when using margins and guide lines?
* Use punctuation and paragraphs in the wrong places, or not at all?

Dyslexia: other Indicators

* Is there a family history of dyslexia or similar difficulties?
* Was he a late developer?
* Is he easily distracted and has poor concentration?
* Does he get confused between: left/right; east/west; up/down; over/under?
* Does he hold a pen too tightly and awkwardly?
* Does he have problems telling the time?
* Does he have problems with tying shoelaces etc?
* Does he have short-term memory problems relating to printed words and instructions.
* Mixed laterality (i.e. uses either right or left hands or eyes, in writing and other tasks).
*Does he have particular difficulty copying from a blackboard.
* Does he have confusion with mathematical symbols (plus/minus etc).
* Does he have short-term memory problems relating to printed words and instructions.
*Does he have an inability to follow more than one instruction at a time.
* Is he unable to use a dictionary or telephone directory.
* Does he have sequencing difficulties:

alphabet; nursery rhymes; months of the year; numbers in tables?

The earlier dyslexia is diagnosed, the easier it is to ensure the child receives the correct support at home, school and in the workplace. Although there is no cure for dyslexia, research has shown the problems can be alleviated with the correct tuition.

The Same Bedtime Story

Does Repeating children’s stories boost their vocabulary?

Children who demand the same story be read to them over and over maybe learning more than those who choose a different tale every time, according to academics.


Research at the University of Sussex has found that repetition in reading storybooks is more likely to help a child acquire a broader vocabulary.

Psychologist Dr Jessica Horst and her team devised an experiment in which three-year-olds were exposed to two new words. Over the course of a week, one group heard three different stories with the same original words.

Another group heard only one of the stories with the same new words. When tested after a week, those who had heard just one story were much better at recalling the words than those who had been exposed to three different stories.

The study was published in ‘Frontiers in Psychology’, 17th February 2011.

Daily Telegraph, Monday, 21st Feb 2011.