What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a Specific Learning Difficulty (SpLDs). It was a German physician called Rudolf Berlin who refined our definition of reading problems, using the term “dyslexia”; to describe a “very great difficulty in interpreting written or printed symbols.”
Dyslexia / Specific Learning Difficulties affects 4% of the population. Problems can show themselves in reading, writing, number work, short-term memory, hand control and visual processing. Timekeeping, sense of direction and interpersonal skills can also be affected. These difficulties often result in significant frustration, bearing in mind that dyslexics are usually of average or above average intelligence.
Until recently people thought that Dyslexia affected more males than females. However, this may not be the case. It is now believed that girls are not being identified in the same way as boys.
Many of these children are incredibly bright in lots of ways, always talking and asking questions. And yet they do not seem to reach their full potential in the academic field. An excellent definition of Dyslexia is by Dr J E Cullis, 1992, who wrote:
definition of dyslexia
‘Dyslexia means having difficulty with words in reading, spelling and writing – in spite of having normal intelligence and ability’.
by Dr J E Cullis , 1992
I believe one of the significant advances in dyslexia will be in the area of genetics and it may not be too long before babies are tested at birth thereby enabling help to be available at a very early age.
Dyslexia is a registered disability under the Chronically Sick & Disabled Persons’ Act 1970, Education Act 1993 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995.