Types of Learning Difficulties - Help, Support & Resources

Types of Learning Difficulties (SpLD’s)

In this section you will find comprehensive information: help, support and resources, on a wide range of specific learning difficulties (SpLD’s): Dyslexia; Dyscalculia; Dysgraphia; Dyspraxia; Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD); Nonverbal Learning Disabilities (NvLD); Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD); Speech and Language Therapy; Giftedness and Left-Handers.

Below there is an extensive list of Specific Learning Difficulties (SpLD’s) found on this site. You will also find help, support and resources to assist you.


Dyslexia LogoDyslexia affects approximately 10% of the population. Problems can show themselves in reading, writing, number work, short-term memory, hand control and visual processing. Timekeeping, sense of direction and interpersonal skills can also be affected. See more


DHandwriting Logoysgraphia is the inability to write correctly, despite a student, being given adequate time and attention. The cause of this disorder is still unknown but is thought it could be due to a language disorder or damage to the motor system. See more

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD)

Family reading book.

Parents and toddler son reading book.

Attention Deficit Disorder (with or without Hyperactivity) has been known for a long time. A child who can’t concentrate; continually moves around; has poor school performance (in contrast with his intelligence) and has disruptive behaviour may be suffering from ADD / ADHD. See more

Left-handers / Lefthanders / Lefties / Southpaws

Left-Handed / LeftiesLeft-handers make up approximately 10% of the population, and they are more likely to suffer from dyslexia. See more

Dyscalculia LogoDyscalculia

Dyscalculia is a specific learning difficulty in mathematics. Like dyslexia, dyscalculia can be caused by a visual perceptual deficit. Dyscalculia refers specifically to the inability to perform operations in maths or arithmetic. See more

Dyspraxia is also called (DCD).

Child Falling Over

Dyspraxia is also called, ‘Developmental Dyspraxia or Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).  Specialists are still not certain what causes dyspraxia, but it is thought to be due to immaturity in neurone development in the brain.

Dyspraxia affects approximately 10% of the population, some severely. The overwhelming majority are male. See more

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD)

Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NVLD) refer to difficulties regarding problem-solving which does not directly involve the use of spoken language.

All children, particularly young children can be challenging at times, but Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD), is where a child/student is persistently challenging, anyone in authority, screaming, shouting and just not wanting to do anything that you want them to do. See more 

Gifted / Giftedness

There are various degrees of gifted / Giftedness in the same way as there are varying degrees of learning difficulties.

Some children are gifted in a particular area, i.e., mathematics, art or music, but I am discussing children who are gifted overall. See more

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