The following Indicators may indicate a child has dyspraxia– children do not need to have all of these problems.
Indicators of Dyspraxia - Children
* Age Range approximately from age 7 to 11 years
If a child has several of these indicators, further investigations should be made. Likewise, if these issues continue beyond the time that the average child has grown out of them, they may indicate dyspraxia and advice should be sought.
For ease of reading, he should be transposed for she when appropriate.
Does the child:
- Fidget constantly?
- Never sit still?
- When sitting, swing his legs and fiddle with his hands and anything else around him?
- Knock things over?
- Spill everything?
- Have problems using knives and forks?
- Bump into everything all the time?
- Stumble into doors, desks and other furniture?
- Fall over for no apparent reason?
- Have problems using stairs, steps?
- Have difficulties standing on tiptoe or one leg?
- Have problems dressing and doing up buttons?
- Have trouble doing shoelaces up?
- Have problems telling the time?
Does the child have problems with:
- Fine motor skills?
- Puzzles, construction games, Lego etc?
- Using scissors and craft tools?
- Painting and colouring small areas?
- Threading a needle?
- Catching or kicking a ball?
- Hitting a moving ball i.e. tennis etc?
- Riding a bike?
- Using roller skates?
- Difficulties in coordination for swimming?
In a more formal setting, i.e., classroom etc, children may notice problems.
Mechanical side of hand-writing
Does the child:
- Grip the pen too tight and/or with a ‘fist grip’?
- Appear to have difficulty with the physical part of writing?
- Have poor motor control?
- Changes hand constantly and do not appear to know whether to use his right or left hand?
- Have very slow writing?
- Have lots of ‘rubbings out’ or ‘crossed out’ words?
Does the child:
- Start to write letters from the bottom upwards?
- Write in all directions, i.e. right slant then left slant?
- Use big and small spaces between words?
- Use different sized letters on the same line?
- Have written words which are often ‘not sitting on’ or are below the line?
- Mix up capital letters and lower-case letters on the same line?
- Have abnormal and irregular formation of letters?
- Have problems following margins?
- Writing slope on the page?
- Have difficulty copying symbols i.e., circles, squares, and triangles?
- Have difficulty, e., very slow copying from the board?
Comprehension (understanding), Grammar
Does the child have difficulty with:
- Sequencing words to make a sentence?
- Organising his ideas to complete a story?
- Using full stops and capital letters?
- Writing – that is almost impossible to read?
- Writing – a mixture of printing and cursive writing on the same line?
- Following instructions?
- Reading maps?
Early Diagnosis is the key to success!
The earlier dyspraxia is diagnosed, the easier it is to ensure the child receives the correct support at home and at school. Although there is no cure for dyspraxia, research has shown the problems can be alleviated with the proper tuition.
Please bear in mind that children vary tremendously at this age. An Educational Psychologist and some other specialists can diagnose someone with Dyspraxia.
This is a guide only and does not constitute medical or psychological advice.
If you are concerned about your child, you should seek professional advice as early as possible.
©Maria Chivers January – 2018